University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA


NPRE 498 ESU (Undergraduate),


Professor M. Ragheb

Spring 2017


M. Ragheb

Teaching Evaluations: 

  1. Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students 1998
  2. Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students 2000
  3. Advisor's list 2003

Assignments and Teaching Assistants

        Assignments will account for 40 percent of the final grade.


PHYS 101-102, MATH 241, CHBE 221 or Instructor consent.


3 undergraduate hours. 4 graduate hours with term paper or special project.



Two midterm tests and one final test are scheduled.

Each will account for 20 percent of the final grade for a total of 60 percent of the final grade.

Assignments, quizzes (unannounced), final project, 40 percent.

Calendar for Spring Semester, 2017  

Room 100H Talbot Laboratory

1:00 pm-1:50 pm, MWF

First Midterm

Wed. February 22, during class period.

Second Midterm

Wed, April 12, during class period.

Final examination

Tu. May 9, 8:00-11:00

M. L. King  Day Mon. January 16  (no classes)

Instruction's beginning

Tue., January 17

Spring vacation Sat. March  18- Mon. March 27

Instruction's end

Wed. May 3

Reading Day Th. May 4

Final examinations begin

Fri. May 5

                               end Fri. May 12
Commencement Sat. May 13


Web Text


Bridging the Supply-Demand Gap

M. Ragheb


1.   Energy Storage Options
2.   Solar Thermal Power and Energy Storage Historical Perspective
3.   Thermal Energy Storage
4.   Thermal Energy Storage with Solar Power Generation
5.   Battery Technology
6.   Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier, Fuel Cells
7.   Steam Reforming
8.   Carbon Dioxide Reforming
9.   High Temperature Water Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production
10. Thermochemical Iodine Sulfur Process for Hydrogen Production
11. The Hydrogen Economy
12. High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission for Wind Power
13. Smart Electrical Grid and Metering
14. Hydrogen Storage
15. Metal Hydrides
16. Primary and Secondary Storage Batteries
17. Battery Power Density, Life Cycle and Cost
18. Nickel Cadmium  and Lithium Ion Batteries

19. What makes a Sound Utility Storage Battery
20. Redox Flow Batteries and Regenerative Fuel Cells
21. Fuel Cell Kinetics
22. Fuel Cell Modeling
23. Carbon Capture and Storage
24. Urea Power
25. Societal Implications of Energy Transport and Storage
26. Pumped Energy Storage
27. Pumped Storage in Association with the Red Sea to Dead Sea Peace Canal
28. Pumped Storage Qattara Depression Solar Hydroelectric Power Generation
29. Cryogenic Energy Storage
30. Compressed Air Energy Storage
31. Kinetic Energy Flywheel Energy Storage
32. Sustainable Global Energy, Desertec Concept
Electrochemical Supercapacitor
34. Safety Aspects of Thermal Energy Installations
35. Electric Vehicles Technology
36. Fuel Cell Aircraft
37. Metal Hydrides Alloys for Hydrogen Storage
38. Run of River Hydroelectric Power
39. Ultra Capacitors Electrostatic Energy Storage
40. Natural Gas as a Bridge Fuel Toward Renewables
42. Global Climatic Variation and Energy Use

43. Nanopore Multilayer Isotope Batteries
44. Nuclea
r Battery using Clusters in Nanomaterials
45. Powerwall and Powerpack Tesla Batteries
46. Electrical Generation and Grid System Integration
47. Sustainable Energy and Resource Management


I.       Greek Prefixes
II.      Abbreviations
III.    Conversion Factors and Physical Constants
IV.    Carbon Dioxide Emissions
V.      Energy Content of Different Fuels

VI.    Vector Relations
VII.   Greek Alphabet



Student Presentations, Spring 2016

Alex Lopez, "Tesla Batteries,",  4/4/2016.
Andrew Groll, "Practical Hydrogen Fuel Development, A non-nuclear feasibility study,", 4/8/2016.
Sheel Shah, "Super Capacitors,", 4/11/2016.
Bartosz Turek, "Wind Power Intermittency and Energy Storage,", 4/15/2016
Raman Aggarval, "Graphene as Energy Storage Medium of the Future,", 4/18/2016
Sarika Malani, "Fuel Cell Airplane,", 4/20/2016
Dan O'Grady,  "Cryogenic Energy Storage,", 4/25/2016
Cory Markham, "Advanced Applications of Flywheels,", 4/27/2016
Perren Delaney,  "Flow Cell Batteries,", 4/29/2016
Byron Mui, "Gravitational Potential Energy Storage,", 5/2/2016

Student Presentations, Fall 2014

Daniel Gardner-Dale, "Ultra Capacitors for Energy Storage"
Daniel Schultz, "Conventional and Advanced Flywheel Energy Storage"
Peter Ota, "Sulfur Based Thermochemica Process for Hydrogen Production"
Rubens B. Filho, "Decentralized Energy Production in Rural Areas"
Abbijit Limaye, " How 'Tesla' developed its Electrical Vehicle (EV) Car"
Joseph Flanagan, "Electric Vehicle Integration in the Grid System"
Daniel Li, "Production of hydrocarbons from Carbon Dioxide"
Thomaz Perilli, "Cryogenic Energy Storage"
Matthew Baxley, "Advances in Metal Hydrides for Energy Storage"
Nicholas Rivera, "Micro-grids for Distributed Power Generation in Developing Countries"
Melixa Rivera-Sustache, "Lead-Acid Battery 'Regeneration' with Life Cells to Improve Energy Storage and Waste Reduction"
Garrett Gusloff, "Metal Air Batteries"
Brenden Yung, "Nano-fluidic Fuel Cells"
Christian Zircher, "Current and Upcoming Battery Technology"
Miao Lu, "The Use of Energy Storage Systems in Electrical Resource Planning"
Gabriel Fraga, "Aluminum Utilization for Hydrogen Production"
Chris Kuprianczyk, "Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage"

Student Presentations, Fall 2012

Louis Chapdelaine, "Energy Storage in Vehicular Applications"
Piyum Zonnoz, "Urban Energy Generation and Storage"

Muyun Cai, "A Comparison Study on Natural Gas Engine and Gasoline Engine"
John Seo, "Stirling Engines"
Jonathan Pfingsten, "Algae Growth for Biodiesel Production"
Monish Singh, "The Smart Electrical Grid"
Rui Lin Tan, "Nuclear Power in Your Car. Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators"

Student Presentations, Fall 2011

Stephen Prtty, "Flow Batteries for Energy Storage"

Vikram Vilasur Swaminathan,  "Metal Hydrides"
Rabie Abu Salem, "Wind Power Energy Storage"
Aris Dumbris, "Viability of Waste Utilization for Algae Production"
Saurav Mohapatra, "Grid Scale Energy Storage"
Anjes Najar, "Electric Vehicle Conversion"

Zach Shukur, "Managing Carbon Emissions"
Imran Haddish,  "Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier Distribution Network"

Ron Orndorf, "Algae Farming"
Marta Baginska, "Metal Air Batteries"

Kashif Nawaz, "Energy Transport Compounds"

Student Presentations, Fall 2010

Gilbert Stungard, "Urea as an Energy Carrier"

Christopher Reed,  "Flywheel Energy Storage"
Tapan Patel, "Laminar Flow Fuel Cells"

Beth Papanek,  "Alcohol for Fuel"
Liang Meng,  "Solar Photovoltaic with Energy Storage"
Bing Guo, "Advanced Biofuels"
Vishal Nandigana, "Nanofluidic Fuel Cells"
Constantinos Mitsingas, "Fischer Tropsch Process"

Jason Peck, "Sulfur Iodine Reaction for Hydrogen Production"
Ryan Switts, "Three Gorges Hydroelectric Dam"
Chris Crone, "Salt Gradient Solar Pond"

James Babiarz, "Factors and Feasibility of Energy Plan"
Michael Rybalko, "Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine with Electrolyser for Hydrogen Energy Storage"

Related Courses Information

NPRE475 Wind Power Systems
NPRE402/ME405  Nuclear Power Engineering
NPRE457/CSE462 Safety Analysis of Nuclear Reactor Systems
NPRE490MC(NPRE456/CSE416) Monte Carlo Simulations

NPRE590SF Nuclear and Radiological Safety
NPRE459/CSE417 Fuzzy Logic and its Applications


World Wide Web Links

Renewable Energy Access:
Interstate Renewable Energy Council:
California CleanTech:
Emerging Energy Research:
Energy Central:
Energy Central EnergyBiz Newsletter:

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, NREL, Renewable Resource Data Center  :


Please contact Prof. M. Ragheb as a Webmaster at: (217)333-6569 with any feedback concerning this page.

Last update for this page was on 12/22/2016.